Confucianists both, but what a difference in outcome!

In China, Confucianism existed mainly in great plains and the rich were army generals not merchants, There, respect was imposed from above and the pecking order swept downwards from the Emperor to the poorest peasant scrubbing in the soil. The mandate of heaven was usually benign as it surveyed the masses working below but at a time of prolonged drought or other disasters the masses would rise up and slaughter the Emperor wanting a new mandate.

In Japan, Confucianism could only exist in small valleys and ravines pinched in by an infinity of mountains streams. These had to be constantly shielded with sluice gates and irrigation channels as high up the mountainsides as possible in order to build as many terraces below in order to grow rice. Pecking order was unobtrusive. Everybody within a village had a vital job to do. A neglected job at aa crucial time could strip a village of all its growing food.

The differential has led to many differential origins of Japanese and Chinese industry has led to many different styles and cultures within both industry and society at large. To choose one that could become very significant in the Euro-American world before too long are income differentials. The original close-knit nature of Japanese industry has given the Japanese only a modest difference in earnings between the Chief Executive of a typical Japanese firm and the lowest paid worker. It is about 25:1. In Chinese firm it is more like 250:1, typical of Euro-American firms.

This, to my mind, is going to be a specific point of policy in the yeras to come.

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